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Frequently Asked Questions

There appears to be some sort of white fuzzy mold on my wheatgrass, microgreens, seedlings, etc. What should I do?

Not to worry, the white mold-like substance is most likely not mold. Most seeds, when they begin to root, send out very small micro roots until the main root systems can take hold. If, however, after some consideration you decide that the mold-like substance is indeed mold, you can spray a mixture of diluted hydrogen peroxide directly onto the sprouts. Try mixing one part hydrogen peroxide to 2 parts water. If the mold has spread to most of the plants, sprouts, or seedlings, it is best to discard them and start with fresh materials.

I obtained this coupon from the internet but it does not seem to be working on your site. What do I do?

Unfortunately, we are the frequent victim of false coupon codes, of which this is one. There are several websites that use fake coupon codes as “click bait” to get you on their site. Rather than raising our prices to match others in the market, and then providing “discounts,” we try to provide the best possible seed at the best possible price. We hope you decide to purchase our seeds without a coupon code and you can determine the value for yourself.

Happy growing!

I am a retailer and would like to have your products drop shipped to a customer. How do I go about doing this?

Our most successful drop-shippers are those who have a very unique market position which is specifically related to one of our products.Please let us know which of our products you are interested in listing and let us know what avenue you will be listing them (i.e. your website, Amazon listing, Ebay listed, etc).

If you are just interested in generally listing all our products then we suggest you check out our affiliate programs.Our affiliate providers outperform our drop shippers by a large margin and can be a great way for you to earn extra income with very little effort.

You can find more information about our affiliate programs from the following links:

Do you sell GMO Seed?

We do not, and will not, offer what is typically referred to as GMO Seed. Why do we use the word “typically”? We use the word typically because we feel too many people are entering the discussion of GMO without really understanding what it means.

Just like humans, plant genetics are changing frequently. Nearly every gardener has had the experience of having a plant or two in the garden “cross” with each other, developing something a bit different than what was expected. This NATURAL crossing is how we ended up with the plant diversity we have today. As our understanding of plants increased, people quickly figured out that they could help this crossing occur by intentionally cross pollinating different plants or strains. This process is typically referred to as hybridization. Under the most strict definition we believe some could label a hybrid as a genetically modified organism. We believe that, because this crossing is only occurring when NATURE allows it and occurring between plants and not between species, such as fish and plants, these are safe and acceptable. ALL hybrid seed sold by us are directly labeled as hybrid seed. Nearly every vegetable one consumes from the grocery store or at your local restaurant is, or once was, a hybrid.

Genetic Engineering typically refers to a process by which the genetics of a plant are modified in a way that nature could not create on its own. This is typically done by using recombinant DNA technology to bring together DNA molecules from different sources, typically NON PLANT BASED, to create a new and novel set of genes which are then transferred to a host organism, giving that organism a new and unique set of genes. It is this NON NATURAL form of manipulation which most people reject and which we agree requires more testing and crop protection protocols. The idea of inserting a bacterium which is poisonous to insects into a plant that we eat is of obvious concern and, while we are impressed with the technology, we believe that people have the right to know what is in the food they eat. Until more research, crop protections and clear labeling are created we have chosen not to participate in this part of the market.

Given our position, Mountain Valley Seed Co. has signed The Safe Seed Pledge.

The Safe Seed Pledge:

"Agriculture and seeds provide the basis upon which our lives depend. We must protect this foundation as a safe and genetically stable source for future generations. For the benefit of all farmers, gardeners and consumers who want an alternative,
We pledge that we do not knowingly buy or sell genetically engineered seeds or plants.
The mechanical transfer of genetic material outside of natural reproductive methods and between genera, families or kingdoms, poses great biological risks as well as economic, political, and cultural threats. We feel that genetically engineered varieties have been insufficiently tested prior to public release. More research and testing is necessary to further assess the potential risks of genetically engineered seeds. Further, we wish to support agricultural progress that leads to healthier soils, genetically diverse agricultural ecosystems and ultimately healthy people and communities."

What is the difference between a hybrid seed and a Genetically Modified seed (GMO)?

A hybrid seed is one that has been produced by the crossing of two parent seeds of the same species. This process naturally occurs in nature. However, hybrid seeds produced commercially are developed with very strict controls to enhance particular traits in the plant such as tolerance to environmental, fungal, viral, or insect factors.

When people use the term “GMO” they are typically referring to seed for which the genetics of a plant are modified in a way that nature could not create on its own.For example, by combining genes from a variety of different species such as plants and bacteria which are poisonous to insects. This process is highly complex and rarely, if ever, occurs naturally in nature.Because GMO seeds are complicated and expensive to produce, and must be purchased under strict contracts with the GMO’s producer, of which we have NONE, it is nearly impossible that some GMO seed will accidentally slip into your package of heirloom broccoli or hybrid spinach seeds!

What is the difference between heirloom and open-pollinated seed?

These terms are often used interchangeably but there is a slight variance in their meanings. All heirloom seed is open-pollinated but not all open-pollinated seed is an heirloom.An heirloom seed is a seed whose particular genetic composition has been maintained and passed down over a number of years, similar to the way jewelry is passed down. Some heirloom seeds can be traced back to presidential gardens or Native American gardens. Unfortunately, there is no single agreed upon period of time which qualifies a seed as “heirloom,” but it is frequently accepted as being around for 40 or more years.

Open-pollinated seeds are seeds that come from plants where pollination occurs freely by wind, animal, or insect. As mentioned before, all heirloom seeds are open pollinated seeds. However there are newer varieties of open pollinated seed whose seed can be saved for the next year and can eventually become an heirloom.

How can I qualify for wholesale pricing?

Our goal with pricing is to be straight forward and transparent. Therefore, we have only one pricing schedule.The price you pay is dependent on the size of package of a product you choose.For example, if you purchase 1 lb. of Blue Lake bean you are paying a price very close to retail.If you purchase a 50 lb. bag of Blue Lake bean you will pay our best wholesale price, the same price our largest growers and resellers pay.For the most current pricing and sizes you should consult our web site.

If you are interested in sizes greater than our largest published quantity (10 X greater), we do offer some commodity pricing on a case by case basis.We prefer to handle all commodity pricing requests through email.

How long do seeds typically last?

Shelf life for seeds varies depending on a number of variables.Generally you can expect good germination rates for about 2 to 3 years.For best results, always store seeds in a cool, dry place away from the sun.If possible, it is better to store seeds under hermetic seal.The mylar foils many of our seeds come in are ideal for storing seeds.

How long do the seeds in your “storage seed” products last?

As seeds are living there is no “expiration date” that can be definitively known.However, just as with people, good living increases your odds.Good living for seeds is driven by 2 factors:

  • Moisture content.Every seed variety has its own ideal moisture range.Seeds purchased from our main catalog, at the store, and from several “survival seed” companies are what are known as crop year seed.Crop year seeds have a lower moisture content then freshly harvested seed but it is too high for long term storage and too high if you plan to freeze the seeds.The seeds we package in our storage line are each individually dried and tested for ideal long term storage moisture levels.
  • Temperature.The cooler the better.Ideally 75 degrees Fahrenheit or lower.The lower the temperature, the deeper the seed’s hibernation and the longer its life.

We recommend rotating your seed stock every 5 years, just to be safe. But we have properly stored seed that is still germinating at reasonable rates after more than 10 years of storage.However, most people will not store their seeds ideally.The storage kits we offer have LOTS of seeds in each packet.We suggest you open your seeds each year, remove a few seeds for planting and reseal and return to storage the balance.This allows you to get some much needed gardening practice and monitor the germination of your seeds.As your stock gets low, simply purchase a new replacement!If you do the math, you will find it is just as cost effective as buying seed packs from us each year.

Do you ship internationally?

We frequently ship seeds internationally and are happy to help you through the process.

In many countries, seeds are a regulated product and may require special documentation and/or permitting.The most common requirements are:

•A Phytosanitary Certificate – if you require a phytosanitary certificate we can work with our local office of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to obtain a certificate.The certificate fee is US$65 Dollars per shipment.

•Import Permit – some countries also require an import permit.

We try to keep track of each country’s requirements and restrictions but it will ultimately be your responsibility to make sure you comply with the local regulations and have the appropriate paperwork.

We can accept orders by fax, telephone, mail, email, or directly from our web site.We can accept payments by credit card, PayPal, or bank transfer.

We generally prefer to ship most overseas orders by global priority mail.For large orders we use an international freight forwarding company.

Do you ship to Canada?

We do, but unless the orders are for relatively small sizes or very large sizes there are complications.

Purchases of 1 lb. or smaller of most flower, herb, and vegetable are exempted from the Canadian certificate of analysis requirement.Large seeded crops such as peas, bean, and corn are exempted up to 5 lbs.If you order in these smaller sizes we can easily ship to Canada.We generally prefer to ship most international orders via priority mail.FedEx has also proven to be problematic when shipping seeds into Canada.

For larger quantiles, Canadian customs requires a Certificate of Analysis issued by an ISTA certified seed lab accompany bulk seed shipped into Canada.While we can have the seed analysis done by an approved laboratory, this adds $60.00 per sample to the cost of each seed variety.This also adds from 10 to 30 days lead time for the testing to be completed. This makes shipping moderate sized purchases of seed expensive, but is workable for large purchases.